While the older Gute (or Goth) sheep breed still exists on the island of Gotland today, the modern breed, which was started a hundred years ago by selecting for specific color and curl among Gute sheep, has had some additional improvements from Leicester, Texel and other stock. The Gotland breed in the US is being built by artificial insemination to acceptable outcrosses to establish American Gotlands (acceptable outcrosses are Icelandic, Finn, Shetland and seven of the English longwool breeds).
- Staple length: 3-7 inches, but can be much longer
- Fiber description: 18-mid-20s in lambs and 27-34 in adults
- Lanolin: Fairly low lanolin
- Fleece size: 5.5-11lbs
- Animal size: Medium – ewes weigh 120-155 and rams are 165-190
- Notes: This wool type is a longwool, with lovely wavy locks that curl at the tips. It spins exceptionally well for me in to smooth, fine yarns.
- Fleece type: Ryder classifies them as Medium, Generalized Medium and Hairy Medium. The more primitive Gute sheep is classified as true Hairy or Hairy Medium. (Ryder, Sheep & Man, 527)
Dýrmundsson, Ólafur and Niznikowski, Roman. “North European short-tailed breeds of sheep : a review,” 59th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production. 2008
Ekarius, Carol and Robson, Deborah. The Fleece & Fiber Sourcebook: More Than 200 Fibers, from Animal to Spun Yarn (Storey Publishing, LLC), 2011.
Oklahoma State University. “Breeds of Livestock Project”. www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/sheep/
Ryder, M. L. Sheep & Man (Gerald Duckworth & Co.), 1983.
Ryder, M. L. "A Survey of European Primitive Breeds of Sheep," Annales de Génétique et de Sélection Animale. 13, no. 4: 381−418, 1981.